If wildlife deterrents have not resolved your issues, property owners can trap wildlife using a humane trap or can hire a wildlife agent to remove the animal.
The Province has regulations in place for the removal of wildlife. The property owner or wildlife agent must:
abide by all municipal bylaws and other applicable laws
not harass or capture more wildlife than is necessary to protect your property
deal humanely with wildlife that is captured or harassed
restrict activity to your property
not destroy the den of a furbearing mammal without approval from MNRF (Requirement for approval does not apply to fox or skunk dens)
release captured live wildlife within 24 hours
release captured live wildlife within 1 kilometre of where they were captured
release wildlife on private property only with the landowner’s permission
Nuisance Wildlife Control and Removal
There are more than 100 permitted Nuisance Wildlife Control Operators located across the state. Contact the Nuisance Wildlife Control Operator closest to you for assistance with nuisance wildlife.
Make sure there is no food for wildlife available around your home.
Never feed wild animals.
Don’t leave pet food out at night.
Secure trash can lids and compost heaps.
Don’t leave domestic animals that may be potential prey loose or in shoddy or weak shelters
Eliminate areas that can possibly be used by wildlife as shelter.
Seal any holes that may give wildlife access to your attic or the interior of your home. Some species of bats can fit through holes the size of a dime. Keeping your home well-maintained is imperative for keeping nuisance animals out.
Install skirting under mobile homes to prevent animals from going underneath. Use chicken wire or lattice used under raised houses.
Keep grass mowed to eliminate cover for wildlife.
Eliminate piles of wood or debris that can be used as shelter.
Live trap the animal and release it.
Administrative Code Title 76 outlines the rules for live trapping and releasing wildlife without a permit.
It can be dangerous to handle trapped animals. It is often easier to get an animal into a trap than to get one out. Wear heavy leather gloves and use extreme caution when releasing animals. Always stand behind the trap and point the open end toward a clear area when releasing the animal.
Should you get bitten, don’t release the animal if it hasn’t already been released. Contact the state public health veterinarian for instructions on having the animal tested for rabies and contact your doctor. If you have already released the animal and can’t immediately recapture it, still contact the state public health veterinarian and your doctor. Animals that appear healthy may be sick. Certain mammals including bats and skunks may be infected with rabies and can transmit it to humans. Rabies is fatal to humans if not treated before symptoms develop.
Release trapped animals at least five miles from where they were trapped to prevent their return.
Avoid trapping in the spring and early summer, which are breeding seasons for most wildlife. Removing adult animals may result in orphaning young animals. If orphaned young are in an attic or under a house, they could die, which could cause additional issues as they decay.
does not loan or rent traps. Traps are available from some parish animal control offices. You can also purchase traps at hardware stores and lawn and garden centers.
The dark side of homeownership: Trapping raccoons
Being a homeowner was supposed to be about taking the mortgage interest tax deduction and painting my kitchen carrot-orange. It wasn’t supposed to be about trapping live animals in my backyard. But now, I’ve done the deduction, painting and trapping, too.
It all started with the unofficial litter box, which I later learned is called a latrine. Day after day, when I went out into my backyard, I found a wet stinking mess of animal droppings in a gravel-covered area planted with cacti. One or more animals, species unknown, had claimed the area as a communal toilet.
The problem had to be dealt with
At first, I hoped the animals would go way, but after a week, I realized the problem was serious and had to be dealt with unless I wanted to spend 30 minutes every morning cleaning up animal waste.
In desperation, I did more research and found out that I could hire an animal trapping service. I’d never heard of such companies and knew of no one who’d used one. Before I called, I prepared a list of questions:
What are my options to get rid of these animals?
Where is your company located?
Would you come out yourself or send an employee or subcontractor?
How long have you, or the person who would come out, been trapping animals in this area?
What’s your background for this type of work?
Do you have a state license?
How much notice do you need to come out? Same-day? Next day? A week?
What does the service include? What should I expect?
How much will it cost?
Finding a trapper was difficult
The first person I spoke with seemed competent, but wasn’t state-licensed. The second person told me the company’s trappers were licensed and removal of the animals would cost $160 to set up two traps, plus $80 to remove each animal caught. The traps would stay two weeks. There was no guarantee, but they usually caught something. This person was so pushy I had to assume he was being paid a bonus for every appointment he made.
Living with Wildlife
Raccoons have adapted well to residential life because they are primarily nighttime feeders. They find lots of places to hide during the day, and foods they thrive on are often readily available.
Here are some tips to keep them off your property:
Don’t leave pet food outside. Feed your pet indoors or pick up the dish after they finish.
Fasten garbage can lids with a rubber strap. Don’t place meat products or other attractive foods in uncovered compost piles.
Keep surplus bird food cleaned up around feeders. Place bird feeders out of reach of raccoons.
Close openings to animal cages and pens.
Close garage, storage buildings, basement, and attic doors and windows, especially at night.
Close off all vents or open spaces under buildings with metal, hardware wire or boards, but be careful not to seal animals inside. If an animal is present, close off all of the area except for one small 12 inch by 12 inch opening. Wait until after dark, and then close it off. If the animal is still inside, repeat the process. If raccoons or skunks are using the site, be sure not to lock the young inside. Raccoons and skunks leave their young in the nest for 3-7 weeks. You should wait until they are old enough to travel with the parents.
Prevent raccoon access to chimneys by securely fastening a commercial cap of sheet metal and heavy screen over top of the chimney. Consider fire safety first.
Prune all large overhanging tree limbs that animals may use to gain access to building roof or upper floor windows and vents. If trees cannot be pruned, tack a metal band, 16-24 inches wide, around the tree trunk below first limbs but 4-8 feet above the ground.
A TIDY GUIDE TO CLEANING RACCOON LATRINES
Think raiding your trash can on garbage day is the worst thing raccoons can do on your property? Then you’ve never been the proud owner of raccoon latrines. Raccoon latrines are what they sound like: areas where trash pandas go to do their business, and sadly, they don’t care about proper zoning.
Raccoon latrines are often found on flat, raised areas such as roofs, decks or even inside your attic (ugh). More than just disgusting, raccoon latrines are highly dangerous due to the presence of roundworms within raccoon feces. A single roundworm can lay 100,000 eggs a day and they live within soil for several years, proving a constant danger to your family and local wildlife. Though rare, a human who gets infected with them can face serious health hazards including eye, spine, and brain damage, as well as death.
PROTECTING YOURSELF WHILE CLEANING RACCOON LATRINES
Because of the dangers posed by roundworm infection, you have to take serious safety precautions before you start cleaning raccoon latrines. In addition to N95 quality face masks, you should wear disposable clogs and boot covers that you need to keep far away from the inside of your house to prevent eggs spreading.
When you finish cleaning the raccoon latrines, make sure to clean your clothes thoroughly and DO NOT blow raccoon latrines away with a leaf blower, otherwise the worm infestation will spread further. Once the area is clean, make sure to call a wildlife removal company quickly, before the local raccoons can turn your manicured lawn into a bus terminal bathroom all over again.
HOW TO CLEAN RACCOON LATRINES
First off, you should lightly spray the area with water to keep dust from carrying roundworm eggs throughout your yard. From there, use a shovel to gently transfer the droppings into a hefty garbage bag and double bag it when it’s full.